Over the past week, the U.S. has accumulated an average of more than 60,000 new COVID-19 cases each day. And with schools about to reopen, the country needs to get those numbers under control — especially in hard hit states like California and Florida. Two of the most effective actions states can take to curb the spread of the coronavirus are requiring masks in public and stopping reopening plans to promote social distancing. Skeptical these tactics will work? Here’s the proof in five viral videos.
Breathing, Coughing, and Talking Spew Plumes of Particles into the Air
This video from 2011 from researchers in Singapore shows just how far people puff out air when they cough, sneeze, or laugh with and without a mask. Generally, a one-handed save to cover a cough with your hand or elbow doesn’t do enough to stop the flow from your mouth and nose. Using a 4-ply tissue is surprisingly effective, but not if you’re halfway done your cough before you get the Kleenex to your face. The great thing about masks? They’re always ready, though some airflow escapes the edges depending on the fit of your mask. Surgical masks and N95s also block some infectious particles that may carry the virus from escaping.
Ping Pong Balls in Mouse Traps Model Why Social Distancing Works
Staying six feet away from other people while taking the dog for a walk, visiting family, and going to the grocery store doesn’t eliminate the chance of catching or spreading COVID-19, but it does greatly decrease it. This model with ping pong balls and mouse traps shows why. Social distancing isn’t as foolproof as spacing out mouse traps, but the message still stands. And the epic music makes a compelling case too.
“Stay Healthy!” By Wearing a Mask in Public
Researchers at Nebraska Medicine shot laser light at the particles released as a person talks. This shows how far respiratory droplets carrying the coronavirus can travel without a mask. The particles — little green specks that look like mutant venom — travel different distances based on how loudly someone screams at you to “Stay healthy!” After the enthusiastic participant dons a mask, they spout less droplets. Gross, but good.
A Mannequin and a Fog Machine Demonstrate the Power of Cloth Masks
Researchers based out of Florida hooked up a fog machine to a mannequin. They added a pump to push the vapors out of the dummy’s mouth in imitation of a cough. In another glowing green representation — this one more like a lava lamp — the researchers tested different strengths of coughs with varying levels of ventilation in the room. With a single-layer bandana, droplets traveled more than 3.5 feet. A stitched cotton mask reduced droplet travel to less than 2.5 inches. Without a mask, droplets spewed up to 12 feet.
Matchsticks Without “Social Distancing” Burn Like a Fever
In this social distancing metaphor, fire burns down a line of matchsticks like a chain of maskless vacationers passing around COVID-19 at the beach. Then one match with tiny legs steps away from the line of fire, and the flame can’t bridge the distance to the next match. Social distancing is the equivalent of stepping out of the way, stopping the chain of transmission. COVID-19 transmission doesn’t work exactly like this. It’s drawn out over a longer period of time since an infected person is not immediately contagious. But that doesn’t change the fact that you could be asymptomatic, and social distancing when you’re out reduces your chance of passing on the coronavirus. Or better yet, stay at home to lessen the risk of getting the virus in the first place.