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Is Baby Powder Safe to Use? Depends on What’s in It

Despite divides in legal and scientific communities, it may be best for parents to switch to a safer alternative.

Many parents might be wondering: Is baby powder safe to use? Are there some safe uses for baby powder, and some unsafe ones? Or is talc simply a Trojan horse full of potential cancers? After thousands of lawsuits and some research, there is evidence that baby powder may be dangerous and a growing need for safe alternatives. However, other experts say traditional talc baby powder is completely safe. As a result, more and more moms and dads are left wondering if talcum baby powder will ultimately cause cancer.

“Johnson & Johnson is currently facing 9,000 lawsuits over its talc-based products in state and federal courts,” Morgan Statt, an investigator with ConsumerSafety.org, told Fatherly. “But studies and expert opinions still fall on both sides of the argument.”

One of the main ingredients in baby powder is talcum powder, made from the mineral talc. Studies dating back to the 1970s have drawn tenuous links between women who apply talc regularly to their genital area and ovarian cancer. One study found 75 percent of ovarian cancer tumors may contain talc particles, and other research suggests that genital use of talcum powder increases the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer by 20 to 30 percent. “When applied, talc particles can travel through the vagina and inflame ovarian tissues,” Statt says. “Over time, cysts may develop and lead to the diagnosis.”

Baby powder can also dry out mucus membranes, potentially leading to respiratory diseases such as pneumonia, asthma, pulmonary talcosis, lung fibrosis, and respiratory failure, research shows. Accordingly, the American Academy of Pediatrics has been warning parents about the dangers of using talcum powder on infants since 1969. In extreme cases, talc may be linked to lung cancer, too. In its natural form, talc contains asbestos and, while consumer products have been officially asbestos-free since the 1970s, earlier this year courts awarded one man $117 million in a lawsuit against Johnson & Johnson, after he claimed that asbestos in its baby powder contributed to his aggressive lung cancer.

Yet, the most rigorous, prospective studies have never established a compelling link between baby powder and cancer. That’s why companies are permitted to use talc in baby powder, makeup, deodorants, and even vitamins and supplements. From a legal perspective, talc causes cancer. From a scientific perspective, it simply does not. The International Agency for Research on Cancer considers talc “non-carcinogenic” when inhaled, and merely “possibly carcinogenic” when applied to the genitals. Cancer Research UK claims no legitimate correlation between talcum powder and cancer.

At the same time, it is somewhat concerning that billions of dollars in corporate interests are tied into keeping talc non-carcinogenic. And skeptical parents do have other options. Cornstarch and arrowroot powder are safe alternatives to talc, found in a number of comparable products.

“The safety of talcum powder is still being debated in both the scientific and legal communities, but that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t take caution,” Statt says.