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3 Ways ‘Who Framed Roger Rabbit?’ Changed Animation Forever

Yes, it was the film that made you realize that it’s possible to be attracted to a married cartoon character. But Who Framed Roger Rabbit? did more than spark the spring awakening of thousands of 1988 teens. Robert Zemeckis’ film was a game changer for live-action animation, revolutionizing how humans and toons interact. And in case you and your kids want a crash course, YouTuber kaptainkristian created a video that highlights all the animation achievements. Here’s a breakdown.

It Was The First To Have Eye Contact Between Cartoons And Actors

In the late 1980s, getting a cartoon to make eye contact with you was more challenging than getting your kid into a snowsuit. Why? Well, the live-action part of the movie had to be shot in its entirety before animation was added. This forced animators to come up with creative tricks such as the way exaggerating Roger’s gestures or having him stand on his toes that matched sightlines.

This not only created an emotional connection between Rog and Bob Hoskins (or Eddie Valiant, if you prefer), but also the illusion that they both occupied the same dimensional space. Prior to Roger, live-action animated movies didn’t put this much time into eye contact between worlds. And that’s why Mary Poppins seems like she sucks at job interviews.

They Had Cartoons Interact With The Physical World

In real life, action leads to a reaction. But in early live-action animation it’s the other way around. Reactions drive the action, which is why Roger is such a clumsy character — to give the production team more excuses for him to interact with his real world environment.

Nailing these physical interactions required custom mechanisms that look like extras from Short Circuit. This allowed cartoons to spit real water, shoot real guns, and puff real cigar smoke. Why not just animate these things? Because even cartoons live in a society with rules. These details serve as a reminder that toons have to adhere to the same physical laws you do. Fortunately, the laws against baby cigar smoking have been tightened since.

who framed roger rabbit

Shadows, Lighting, And “Bumping The Lamp”

Roger Rabbit and his peers weren’t just your typical toon drawings. They were more like watercolors, created with complex layers in order to show shadows and reflect light. This is apparent in the scene where Eddie grabs Roger and bumps his head on the lamp. Roger’s ears appear translucent in the light.

The makers of Roger Rabbit did not just go the extra mile. They went so far that they had to create a new phrase for it: “bumping the lamp.” Instead of accepting how live-action animation was produced prior and matching that, they found a way to do it better. And that’s a lesson both you and your kid can appreciate.